The problems encountered by people wearing dental prostheses vary according to the individual and the type of prosthesis. Here is a small reminder of the different prostheses:
Immediate prosthesis: made before the patient loses his teeth, it is placed in the mouth immediately after extraction. This way, the patient does not remain without teeth during the healing period.
Complete prosthesis (dentures): replaces all teeth by leaning on the gums and sticking to the palate with a suction cup effect, thanks to saliva.
Removable partial prosthesis (acrylic or with a metal structure): replaces missing teeth. It is held in place by hooks supported by adjacent teeth.
Fixed prosthesis on dental implants: A dental implant is a screw inserted into the bone that supports the teeth. It replaces the root of the tooth; it will be used to support the prosthesis. This will be permanently attached to the implant.
There are also removable prostheses on implants: these are fixed on screws previously “implanted” in the jaw bone. This system gives greater stability to the prosthesis.
The causes of irritation and various inconveniences associated with the wearing of a new prosthesis are generally due to the evolution of the bases on which the prosthesis is based. Indeed, the alveolar bone and gums evolve over time (age) and also require a waiting time, after extraction for example. The gums disappear, especially during the first year.
In addition, the arrival in the mouth of the foreign body that constitutes a prosthesis creates various reactions that will disappear after adaptation. These reactions differ depending on the individual but also on the type of prosthesis.
It is also possible that the gums may appear whiter than normal. This is probably a poorly adapted or incorrectly placed prosthesis that slightly hurts the gum when it is placed. Compression of the gum changes the color.
A mobile dental prosthesis that is too large, whether total or partial, can have certain disadvantages:
A too tightly fitted dental prosthesis is probably also a sign of an evolution of your jaw. This indicates the need for adjustment.
It should be noted that a dental prosthesis, partial or total, has a lifetime of approximately 5 to 10 years. Beyond that, a repair or adjustment is necessary due to the evolution of the gum and alveolar bone.
Prosthesis too large or unstable
Prosthesis too tight
The inconveniences caused by a prosthesis that appears too tight are due to an evolution of the jaw bone and the tissues supporting the prosthesis. This one is therefore no longer suitable. A visit to the dentist will tell you what to do.
Hooks in a partial removable prosthesis
The hooks must be exactly “molded” to the contour of the tooth, without touching the gum.
It is essential to have a prosthesis checked from time to time. Undesirable health consequences can occur with an over-aged prosthesis, such as :
The first prevention lies in the care given to your oral cavity and your dental prosthesis.
It is necessary to: