Fluoride is naturally present in our environment
Fluoride is a mineral compound containing fluorine. It is found naturally in the soil and water (lakes, rivers and oceans) and in some food we eat.
How fluoride protects your teeth?
Fluoride has the ability to strengthen the crystalline structure of tooth enamel, making it more resistant to acids excreted by bacteria that dissolve the enamel and cause cavities.
Fluoride also acts as a catalyst in increasing the deposition of calcium and phosphate on teeth, which helps to renew and constantly remineralize enamel and prevent tooth decay.
Direct application of fluoride on teeth (e.g.: toothpaste) and constant intake of fluoride from fluoridated water contribute significantly to the prevention of tooth decay. To a lesser extent, the ingestion of fluoridated water during tooth development (during childhood) also helps to make teeth more resistant to cavities.
History of water fluoridation
Research on the effects of fluoride on teeth started in the early 20thcentury. Frederick McKay, a dentist, and his collaborator G.V. Black, discovered that children born in Colorado Springs had mottled teeth and that these teeth were more resistant to decay. This phenomenon was later linked to an abnormally high level of naturally occurring fluoride in the water of this area. When consumed before the eruption of permanent teeth, a high concentration of fluoride causes what is called dental fluorosis.
Dr. H.T. Dean determined that concentrations of fluoride that are higher than 1 mg/l could cause fluorosis. He also studied the beneficial effects of fluoride on teeth. Thanks to his work and that of other researchers, municipal water fluoridation was introduced in 4 communities in the United States and Canada in 1945. The results were conclusive: there was a dramatic decline in tooth decay in communities where the water was fluoridated.
Cavities (Tooth Decay)
Oral Hygiene and Prevention
Dental Amalgam Fillings
Permanent Dentition (Adult Teeth)
HALITOSIS (BAD BREATH)
Root Canal Treatment
Composite Resin Restoration (White Filling)